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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 30, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. donald trump's former campaign manager is charged with money laundering, as another ex-aide pleads guilty to lying to the fbi. the white house says it has nothing to do with the president. ms. sanders: we have been saying since day one there has been no evidence of trauma---trump -russia collusion, and nothing in the indictment today changes that at all. laura: kevin spacey apologizes after being accused of making a sexual advance towards a 14-year-old actor in the 1980's. and 100 years since the russian
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russian revolution, we visit st. petersburg to see what the drama of 1917 means today. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. it has been a fast-moving day in robert mueller's investigation into possible links between the trump campaign and russian government. paul manafort, former campaign manager for donald trump, was charged with money laundering and other counts, and so was a manafort associate, rick gates. both men pleaded not guilty. in a separate development, a former campaign adviser has pleaded guilty to lying to the fbi about his contacts with russian sources. the president tweeted, "there is no collusion." here is our north america editor jon sopel.
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>> mr. manafort, are you turning yourself into federal authorities? jon: this is not how it was meant to be. >> mr. manafort has no comment. jon: just over a year ago, multimillionaire paul manafort was donald trump's campaign chairman and a figure of huge influence. today he faces grave charges. normally talkative, today much more tightlipped. the indictment runs to over 30 pages, and details a complex web of financial arrangements to keep vast sums secret from the u.s. authorities. it details how manafort was working as an agent for the pro-russia party in ukraine, from whom he received tens of millions of dollars in payments for a decade until 2016. it is alleged he laundered $18 million through various accounts and companies, and by any means. almost $1 million was funneled through an antique rug store in alexandria, virginia. $850,000 laundered through a men's clothes store in a new york.
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>> it adds a substantial layer of complexity -- the ukraine and russia connection could add months and months to the investigation. jon: but in response to the indictment, donald trump tweeted angrily, "sorry, but this is years ago, before paul manafort was part of the trump campaign. but why aren't crooked hillary and the dems the focus?" and then another tweet on russia -- "also, there is no collusion." that is the line taken by trump's lawyer. >> the allegations in the geithner and focus on business activities, not campaign activities or events. jonn: but then a separate, damaging disclosure -- george papadopoulos, former advisor to the trump campaign, who trump once described as a excellent
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guy, secretly pleaded guilty earlier this month to lying to the fbi about his contacts with russian officials during the campaign. this former state department official an international lawyer says that could be much more significant. >> manafort is a bigger figure, but we expected the charges an indictment to come out against him today. pleaopoulos' guilty discloses communications between the trump campaign in russia we didn't know about, that could be a bigger problem. jon: it looks like he is prepared to reveal more information as part of a plea bargain, and that might give other white house officials sleepless nights and cause to engage their own lawyers, and quickly. laura: jon sopel reporting there. for more on these charges and the state of the special counsel investigation, i was joined a short time ago by an adjunct professor of law and georgetown university.
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robert mueller was charged with investigating whether there was coordination or links between the trump campaign and the russian government. paul manafort and his associate rick gates were charged with money-laundering, but not collusion. how significant are the charges? >> they are still very significant. paul manafort was the campaign chairman of trump's campaign. the individual charged with him had an important decision as his junior partner all throughout his career, but also working on the campaign. both of these individuals were high-level on the trump campaign. they had been charged not just with some minor financial crime. they have been charged with years and years of money laundering of tens of millions of dollars of ukrainian interests, ukrainian government interests, bringing money back into the united states, putting money in offshore accounts, in addition to not registering as foreign agents. that is important because they
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were actually acting as foreign government agents, and they lied in the paperwork in the information they give to the u.s. justice department. laura: right, it is very serious, but both men in court today pleaded not guilty. do you think there will be a trial here? >> there might be. certainly paul manafort seemed to know in advance -- his home was searched -- that he might be charged. he perhaps had more opportunity to give thought to whether or not he wanted to plead or cooperate in advance. it is unclear how his codefendant thought about this in advance or whether he had noticed. it was odd that he was represented by the public defender and had not yet retained an attorney. that was very unusual. laura: right, and when you look at the completely separate and unexpected development today of george papadopoulos, the trump campaign foreign policy aide, who pleaded guilty to making false statements to the fbi, when you read the documentation, do you think he is cooperating with mueller? >> oh, absolutely he is, because he was arrested over the summer.
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they determined he had lied to them many months earlier in the investigation. they conducted an interview of him. he lied. they verified that through their investigation, because they knew what the other investigation was. he has been arrested and has been probably cooperating since that arrest in july. laura: would you expect that there would be more indictments to come? >> i would not be surprised if we do see more indictments. what they are on, we don't know yet. what we know from today is that, number one, individuals associated with the campaign at senior levels have extensive, at least according to the special counsel's indictment, evidence of major criminal activity in the past. we also know through the papadopoulos plea that he notified other individuals in the campaign that he was trying to cooperate with russian government officials who were trying to influence the campaign. laura: we will see where that
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leads. thank you so much for joining us. >> thank you for having me. laura: well, now that we have explored the legal angles of the case, what about the politics? the trump administration tried to distance itself from the investigation. anthony zurcher joins us for that part of the story. the white house says this does not do anything to advance a narrative of collusion and it doesn't touch the president, but when you read through all the documentation, george papadopoulos apparently tried to reach out to the kremlin who said they had dirt on hillary clinton, where does it go? anthony: the dirt thing is interesting, the thousands of e-mails, because we have heard that before. that infamous meeting between paul manafort and jared kushner, they sat down with a different group of russians with connections to the government and they told them that we have
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incriminating evidence on hillary clinton. you have 2 instances of the russian government reaching out any way they could to the trump campaign to let them know they could help. that is very addicting, when you look at a few months later e-mail started coming out on wikileaks. a few months after that, john podesta's e-mails get leaked. there is a pattern that is suspicious. laura: anthony zurcher -- what is it all add up to -- thank you for joining us. spain's chief prosecutor has called for charges including rebellion and investment to be brought against catalan leaders following the declaration of independence. it comes as in spain moves to take direct control of catalonia. catalan leader carles puigdemont has fled to belgium. james reynolds reports from belgium. james: without resistance, spain's national government has taken over the running of this, the catalan region. sacked ministers and pro-independence activists have
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retreated for talks in crowded party offices. one sacked cabinet member faced a walk to his car without his police bodyguards. this morning, the sacked catalan deputy president appeared unworried. but a short time later, the prosecutor in madrid announced serious charges against him and others. >> in order to uphold the law, this office has filed charges of rebellion, sedition, and misuse of funds against main catalan leaders. james: but deposed catalan president carles puigdemont, seen here on saturday, has chosen to escape rather than face arrest. where is he? >> well, i don't know. i cannot confirm where is the president. the president's office should
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say where is mr. president. what i can say is that this weekend i have been in contact with him, i have been speaking with him, he is fine. he is our president, president puigdemont, and our ministries and government are our government. james: carles puigdemont's supporters may insist he is still their president, but right now it is hard to see how he can attempt to lead from outside catalonia. right here, spain's national government appears to be in full control. james reynolds, bbc news, barcelona. laura: kevin spacey has apologized after being accused of making a sexual advance towards a child actor more than 30 years ago. the oscar-winner said he did not remember the incident, but if it happened, it would have been deeply inappropriate. the allegations were brought forth by "star trek" actor anthony rapp. our los angeles correspondent james cook reports. james: kevin spacey is one of the biggest names in show business, a two-time oscar
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winner, currently starring in the netflix political drama "house of cards." but his reputation is now in jeopardy because of allegations that date back to broadway in 1986. anthony rapp, on the left here in the musical "rent," says spacey invited him to a party, carried him onto a bed, climbed on top of him, and made a sexual advance. rapp, 14 at the time, says he squirmed away and left the house. in a statement, kevin spacey said he did not remember the encounter, but if it happened, it would have been deeply inappropriate, drunken behavior for which he now apologizes. he added, "i know there are stories out there about me. i choose now to live as a gay man and i'm examining my own behavior." but that provoked a backlash. >> he is implying that because i have always been gay, but never came out, that is the sort of thing that happens, this lovely young man -- it is alleged he
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jumped on top of this young man -- and the gay community is saying, sorry, it is not because you are gay. james: no one here thinks that kevin spacey will be the last big name to be ensnared in the web of allegations which have spun out after the harvey weinstein affair. hollywood is abuzz with gossip and rumor about who is next. james cook, bbc news, los angeles. laura: scientists say the amount of carbon dioxide in the earth's atmosphere surged to a record high last year. the world body monitoring this and el niñoctivity weather patterns drove co2 levels up. science correspondent rebecca morelle has more. rebecca: keeping track of our atmosphere -- for decades, research stations like this one in the swiss alps have been monitoring levels of carbon dioxide, and the latest findings show that the greenhouse gas has hit a new high.
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>> it should be setting off alarm bells through the corridors of power around the world. three parts per million increase, the biggest increase ever recorded. it is the biggest increase we can find in the geological record for millions of years. fastest increase in 2016. rebecca: this record-breaking price is -- record-breaking rise driven by human activities and the el niño phenomenon. every few years, the ocean surface becomes warmer. it causes wind patterns to change and the weather is dramatically altered. it causes drought, stopping vegetation growing, preventing plants and trees from soaking up carbon dioxide. it has also led to forest fires, which have injected more of the greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. so how significant are today's findings? over hundreds and thousands of years, carbon dioxide levels have fluctuated. but since the 1950's, the levels have surged, and today's figures
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are the highest we've ever recorded. it is leading to unprecedented changes in places like the arctic, affecting the region's unique wildlife. increases in carbon dioxide are causing temperatures to rise, and the ice is melting faster than the animals can adapt. in 2015, the world agreed to big cuts in greenhouse gas emissions to limit warming. but experts say today's figures should prompt a new sense of urgency. >> there is hope that we change our behavior in the coming 10 to 20 years to be successful in the mitigation. we have not been ambitious enough. rebecca: the issue is that carbon dioxide lingers for hundreds of years. this will be the focus of international climate talks next week. so will the announcement that america plans to withdraw from the current climate agreement. finding a solution now may be more difficult to achieve. rebecca morelle, bbc news.
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laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, a growing number of people in the u.s. cannot read or write. is the failure of the education system to be blamed? at least six people have died in germany, poland, and the czech republic after storms swept through northern europe. they were killed by drowning and falling trees. winds reached more than 100 miles an hour in the czech republic, while off the coast of northern germany, emergency workers are struggling to move stranded ship off a sandbank. hundreds of thousands of homes are without power, as damien mcinnes reports from berlin. en: buffeted by heavy winds, this plane attempts a hair-raising landing but the runway is so windy, it is just too dangerous.
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pilot aborts the landing and is forced to fly back to frankfurt. further north, meanwhile, the center of hamburg has been flooded. the river reached 10 feet above its normal level. just off the coast on its way to hamburg, a freighter carrying almost 2000 tons of fuel oil has run aground. authorities are trying to rescue the crew, and there are concerns that the oil might leak. across northern germany, trains are canceled, mainly because of falling trees. berlin, the fire service declared a state of emergency. in the czech republic, because of falling trees and branches, hundreds of thousands of households have lost electricity. .> it could have been worse the treaty is falling in this direction and did not fall on the house, so it caused less damage. poland was also hit
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hard. the worst of the storm appears to be over, but with many train services disrupted, stranded travelers are still feeling the impact. ss, bbc news,ne berlin. now, the u.s. is one of the most advanced economies in the world, but it still has historically high numbers of people who can't read or write. illiteracy levels are more than 8%, 16 million people, even though many have gone through school. aleem maqbool reports from kentucky. >> do you see an r?
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aleem: michael johnson says not being able to read left him an outcast for much of his life, and has affected his ability to do the simplest tasks at work. >> my employer told me to go locate this box that had a certain writing on it. i would not know how to locate that box, because i would not how to correlate the writing to the the box. i know there was letters on the box, but i would not know how to read the letters on the box. aleem: it is not that he didn't go to school -- he did. but what he faced decades ago still affects so many children today. across the country, there are an astonishing number of people who go right through the school system, even graduating from high school, without learning to read. there are now more than 16 million adults who are functionally illiterate, upper a proportion of the population that compares badly to other developed nations. but why?
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there is huge inequality when it comes to education standards in america, with rich districts and poor ones having stark differences in school resources. >> there is a rectangle wherever you look. aleem: for peggy, who is now learning to read to help her children, there were other factors, too. what stops you from learning to read? >> my parents and the schools. they did not want to help me get more learning, so they sent me to special ed, and they thought that was going to help, but it didn't. aleem: it is a common complaint here, that the system doesn't do deal well with those who need a little extra help. >> i think sometimes we soften our expectations and we think that is doing service to the child. in reality, what we are doing is while it might build up their self-esteem for a while, it does not help them become a contributing member of society. aleem: to this day in america, someone's economic background,
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which can often mean race and learning difficulties, plays e a massive park in whether they get so starkly left behind. aleem macbool, bbc news. laura: 100 years ago, the russian revolution. moscow correspondent steve rosenberg is filing special reports from cities in the heart of 1917's drama. he begins his journey in st. petersburg. steve: it is the cradle of the russian revolution. what happened in st. petersburg a century ago not only changed russia, it changed the world. soviet cinema portrayed it as russia's bastille moment -- workers, peasants, and soldiers storming the winter palace, seizing power for the people. in reality, it was a bolshevik coup to create the world's first communist state. the palace today is a museum,
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and to mark the revolution's centenary, they put on display portraits previously hidden away. this is czar alexander ii. russian revolutionaries stabbed their bayonets into his face when they stormed the building, a sign of hatred for the old russia. it is only a painting, but it conveys the drama of 1917 so powerfully, russia warning the world of the damage revolution can do. >> we are giving lessons. many of them are what you shouldn't do. this is the historical mission of russia. we protect world from mistakes and sometimes mistaking them on ourselves. steve: a century on, st. petersburg is full of the symbols of 1917, like vladimir lenin. but they need less to modern russia.
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today, the st. petersburg children's choir is more likely to sing john lennon than lenin. >> ♪ you may say i'm a dreamer ♪ steve: for young russians, the ussr is distant history. i asked a 13-year-old if you he knew who vladimir lenin was. and what about this 11-year-old? "i don't know," she says. and the authorities have little interest in encouraging interest in 1917. there will be no grand commemoration on the scale of french bastille day. it is as if a 100-year-old revolution is making russian leaders today nervous. when it comes to interpreting 1917, the people in power in russia today are torn two ways,
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in two directions, and here's the dilemma. on one hand, the russian revolution produced the soviet union, which vladimir putin has often praised. but on the other hand, revolution, an armed uprising against the government, that is not the kind of example the kremlin is keen to promote. here is why -- across russia, there has been a wave of antigovernment protests. in st. petersburg, we see people marching on vladimir putin's birthday. they are chanting, "putin is a thief" and "send our czar to a labor camp." the riot police move in to stop them. st. petersburg is putin's hometown, and it is clear that the authorities are determined not to let the antigovernment protest spoil the president's birthday party. these protesters are not making a new russian revolution.
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they are making a point -- the government is beholden to the people. it is a faint echo of 1917. steve rosenberg, bbc news, st. petersburg. trevelyan. laura thanks for watching "world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, the first charges in the investigation into russia and the 2016 election. former trump campaign chairman paul manafort and his business partner are indicted, while another former trump advisor pleads guilty to lying to the f.b.i. then, a fractured spain-- after catalonia declares itself an independent republic, spain takes back control and threatens separatist leaders with criminal charges. also ahead, journalist lara setrakian speaks out about sexual harassment at work and why the culture of newsrooms need to improve. >> i hated what it said about our industry that we could be

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